Mt. Everest, the king of all mountains had fascinated the imagination of people all over the world. The first attempt to its summit was made in 1922 A.D. It was unsuccessful of course, but that couldn’t stop people from dreaming about conquering the world’s highest mountain. Mt. Everest has become a reality since the successful exploits of the legends Edmund Hilary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 A.D., and it is no longer shrouded in myth and mystery.
Encouraged by their success, thousands have followed suit, a large number have succeeded, but many have failed and sacrificed their lives during their attempts. But today, Mount Everest Base Camp trek, also known as EBC Trek has made it a possibility for all the people who want to get an up-close view of Everest. At present time, it is the most adventurous, challenging, and exciting trekking destination not just in Nepal, but in the entire world, leading you straight to the lap of the legendary Mt. Everest.
This adventurous journey to the base camp tops the bucket list of all the trekkers and adventure seekers in the world and takes you on a roller coaster ride. Likewise, the most majestic panoramic views of the Himalayas provide the perfect setting for dreamlike trekking with an out worldly experience that continues to encourage experienced travelers to indulge in the adventure of a lifetime. Thus, the Mount Everest Base Camp trek perfectly blends the Himalayan scenery, exotic mountain culture, and the ultimate sense of adventure.
This Everest Trekking provides an unforgettable experience of the most magnificent panoramic views of the Himalayan chain of the Khumbu region, which consists of five of the world’s highest mountains, that are Mt. Everest (8848 m), Mt. Makalu (8463 m), Mt. Cho Oyo (8153 m), Mt. Lhotse (8501 m), and Mt. Lhotse Shar (8,393 m). Also, rich pine forests of rhododendron and various engendered species of flora and fauna enhance the Mount Everest Trek. That makes the trek truly memorable and exhilarating once in a lifetime trekking extravaganza.
It also provides an incredible opportunity to enlighten yourself with the culture, heritage, and history of the world-renowned mountain climbers-the Sherpas, their peculiar lifestyle, and unique culture. Hence, the two-week hike to Everest Base Camp starts and finishes off at Lukla which is an airstrip that lies in the south of the region and is popularly known as the gateway to Everest.
- Geography: Himalaya
- Location: Sagarmatha Region
- Level of Difficulty: Hard
- Duration of Trek: 13 Day
- Max Altitude: Kalapatthar (5,545m)
- Religions: Buddhism/Hinduism
- Ethnic People: Sherpa
- Accommodation: Guest House/Hotel
- Transportation: Private Car/Bus/Flight
Highlights of Mount Everest base camp trekking
- Visit the Sherpa museum in Namche Bazar.
- Exploring the settlement region of the Sherpas.
- Trek to the foot of the world’s highest mountain- Mt. Everest.
- Adrenaline pumping scenic flight from Lukla airport.
- Explore UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- Sandy plains of Gorakshep, the broad summit of Kalapathar (5545 m).
- Buddhist monasteries, the major attraction being the huge monastery of Tengboche built in the 17th
- Unparallel views of Mt. Everest, Mt. Makalu, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Thamserku among others.
- Spellbinding Khumbu Glacier which is the highest glacier in the world and Khumbu Icefalls.
- Panoramic view from Syangboche.
Geography of the Everest region
Mount Everest is located in the Eastern part of Nepal and also serves as a border between Nepal and Tibet. Located at almost 29,000 ft above sea level, as a result, the temperature can fall as low as -14 degrees. For this reason, Nepal has three distinct climatic zones, and it’s hardly a surprise that the Everest base camp lies in the coldest of all the zones.
Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary
Day 1: Fly to Lukla (2840 m)and trek to Phakding(2610 m)
Lukla is also known as the ‘Gateway to Everest’.
The Everest trek officially begins after arrival at Lukla from Kathmandu which takes around 35 minutes. However, the flight itself is nothing less of an adventure, proving panoramic thrill with magnificent aerial views on the eastern side of Kathmandu. Finally, you will be landing on the airstrip in Lukla which is a single runaway, firmly settled on the top of a steep hill. High peaks and breathing fresh air will surround you. Afterward, you will be walking along the mountainside, crossing few suspension bridges over fast flowing white rivers which get scarier as you walk further. The sacred mountain Khumbila is perched at the end of the valley. Then you can take a break at Ghat village which provides an excellent view of Kusum Kangraru which stands at 6,367 m. The trail gradually descends towards Phakding village afterward.
Day 2: Trek for 6 hours to reach Namche Bazar
As you climb gradually your next stop will be the Dudh Koshi river. The view of Thamserku appears in the distance after walking for about half an hour. And the rough trail swings up and down which crosses the suspension bridge numerous times. Finally, you will arrive at the settlement of Jorsale after 2 hours of walking which has a few teahouses, and the Sagarmatha National Park entry post where you will be registering your permits. Hence, this is the last stop where you can purchase food items and water until you reach Namche after 3 hours.
The trail leads further north to the confluence of DhudKoshi and Bhotekoshi and crosses over one of the scariest suspension bridges. For the next 2 hours or so you will be climbing through the dense forests of cedar, pine, and lush rhododendrons as you will be heading to Namche Bazaar. Then the climb becomes very strenuous as the air begins to thin out. However, you will get the first glimpse of Everest along with many other peeks. Perched on the mountainside, offering majestic views of Kongdi Ri and Thamserku is the famous Namche Bazaar.
Day 3: The day for resting and acclimatization
Namche is the largest town in the Khumbu region and is a popular commercial center because of its strategic position at the gateway of Tibet and the other two valleys to Gokyo and Everest base camp. Namche is the most ideal place for acclimatization, and also consists of numerous cafes and restaurants with Wi-Fi connections, souvenir and trekking gear shops. Then hiking 15 minutes to the ridge at 3800 m early morning gives you a feast of the spectacle of the mountains; the panoramic view of Mt. Everest, Ama Dablam, and other peaks. You can also opt for an additional hike to Sagarmatha National park and a memorable visit to Hilary school. An hour away from Namche Bazar leads you to a historical Sherpa settlement whose old immense pride in their culture, traditions, and lifestyle, and their famous buttery scope of the milk.
Day 4: Trek to Tengboche Monastery
The trail from Namche bazaar stretches towards the mountainside where you will come above the tree line with shrubby vegetation and offers a pristine and uninterrupted view of Everest. Then the climbing descends to the Dudh Koshi river from PhortseTenga village. Then the climbing ascends on the other side to the ridgetop which has been marked by the Tengboche monastery and offers one of the best views of the Himalayan corridor with Mt. Everest and other mountains that fall into the Khumbu region. Tengboche is the biggest monastery of the region situated at 3,867 m, and is nestled in amazing landscapes and provides a serene 360-degree mountain view with a peaceful ambience.
Day 5: Trek to Dingboche
After enjoying the magnificent sunrise over Amadablam, the journey continues towards Dingboche. The trail from Tengboche trails descends towards the luxurious rhododendron forests to the end of the Debuche village, crossing the deep gorge over the suspension bridge. Ascending towards Pyangboche village leads to an open pasture, giving an elegant vista of the Amadablam and the Lhotse. After crossing the village of Shomare, the trail leads us to the confluence of Dudh Koshi and Imja Khola rivers. Upon crossing the river, the trail follows the Imja Khola that will lead to Dingboche. The trail on the left side goes to Pheriche where there is a health check post operated by Himalayan Rescue Association. Both the routes eventually meet at Dough La.
Day 6: The day for resting and acclimatization
Dingboche is the ideal place for acclimatization as the altitude is above 4000m. There are varieties of things that can be done to make the acclimatization day fruitful. The first option is to climb Nagarjuna Hill (5050m) which is a famous viewpoint in Dingboche. It offers magnificent views of Ama Dablam (6812m), Makalu (8485m) and Cho Oyu (8201m), and many more. As the trekkers are advised to hike to the higher altitude during acclimatization day, climbing Nagarjuna Hill is the best option. Besides that, there is s second option that is to hike to the village of Chukhung. Explore the village and return to Dingboche for lunch.
Day 7: Trek to Lobuche
The trail from Dingboche heads to the end of the pasture climbing to Dhungla, which has a few lodges. The strenuous climb continues further to the ChupkiLhara which has been marked by prayer flags, memorials, and stone carvings. This stop also gives the first glimpses of the snowcapped mountains like Pumori, Khumbutse, and Lingren at the end of the valley. The trail here descends down, following the moraine of Khumbu glacier to Lobuche, which is a small valley with few teahouses. During the whole trek to Lobuche, you will be able to enjoy the vistas of the stupendous mountains.
Day 8: Trek to Gorakshep and hike to Everest Base Camp
The high altitude takes a troll and makes you slow even though the distance is short. It is advisable to go slower for acclimatization and to enjoy the scenic beauty. The show-capped mountains will dwarf you looming all around you. You will follow the glacial Morane and rockery that lies next to the Khumbu glacier, the highest glacier in the world. Gorakshep is only about two and half hours away from Lobuche.
Continuing further on your journey to the base camp will lead you to the Army Mountaineers Memorials. You will be trekking further to the Everest base camp that lies at the end of the valley. This is the closest you will ever be to the iconic Everest. The exquisite Mt. Everest soars high against the background of the deep blue sky. The cold breeze of Everest on the base camp leaves you with a nostalgic feeling. You can click pictures to commemorate this incredible feat. You will get feast on the panoramic sights of Khumbu Icefall and its towering seracs, Pumori, Lhotse, and other majestic peaks and head back to Gorakshep for the night.
Day 9: Hike to Kala Patthar and trek back to Pheriche
Early morning trek to Kala Patthar which stands at the altitude of 5,550 m, offers an up-close view of Mt. Everest and other snow peaks like Lhotse, Pumori with the overview of the Everest base camp. After returning to Gorekshep, you descend through on the same trail via Lobuche and Dugha La. After Dugha La, you will take the trail on our right to Pheriche instead of going to Dingboche where we spent two nights while coming up. Pheriche is a small settlement on the left bank of the Dudh Koshi River.
Day 10: Trek back to Namche
Following the same trail, you earlier moved through, you will be heading down towards the Tengboche monastery and further down to Namche Bazaar. The walk back allows you to revisit your earlier memories of the breath-taking Himalayan vistas. So, walk at a leisure tempo to enjoy all the majestic beauty surrounding you eager to share your tells of the most classic and legendary adventure.
Day 11: Trek back to Lukla
Today is the final day of this breathtaking Mount Everest Base Camp Trek. After breakfast at Namche Bazaar, descend to the river confluence and Jorsalle and continue our walk toward Monjo where we will need to show our permits. Crossing Monjo, continue through the villages of Bengkar, Phakding and Ghat before making a short climb to Cheplung and then to Lukla.
Day 12: Fly back to Kathmandu
You will be overwhelmed by bringing this epic journey to an end. The scenic flight from Lukla to Kathmandu are scheduled early morning to avoid the strong winds. You will leave with a heart filled with pride and the most beautiful memories.
Everest Base Camp Trekking Route Map
Best trekking seasons for Mt. Everest Base Camp Trek
The harsh weather and climate conditions of the base camp area must be taken into consideration before settling on the journey. The trekking is open for the entire year, but the most ideal time to hike to Everest base camp is from March to May, and again from September to December. It’s better to avoid the winter months as the heavy snowfall will cause hindrance in navigating the tough region. During the rainy season, the visibility is poor as the majestic mountains are lost behind the clouds.
Everest Base Camp Trekking Permit
You will need to have two trekking permits for Everest Base Camp Trek. One is the TIMS (Trekkers Information Management System) card, and the other is the Sagarmatha National Park entry permit.
The difficulty level of Mount Everest Base Camp
Trekking in the Everest region is a challenging task because of the high altitude involved. It is an extremely challenging trek that can be conquered with a lot of determination and good training. EBC trekking consists of walking up to 8 hours a day. You are highly advised to maintain a slow pace and enjoy the view of the mountains. Slow and steady is the best practice to enjoy and conquer this Everest trek. You need to have both the physical training and the mental strength to overcome the challenges and difficulties of this journey. Having previous trek experiences will also ease your experience.
Hiking on the legendary foothills just below the gigantic Mt. Everest provides stunning views. For anyone, those views are like dream come true. Widely renowned for its trailblazing routes and breathtaking landscapes that will awaken your senses.
The Mount Everest Base Camp trekking will push you beyond your pain, discomfort, and fatigue, and give you a sense of accomplishment as you emerge victorious surpassing all the odds against you. The ethereal beauty and the magnificence of nature surrounding Everest will saturate your soul.
Enriched in the long history of legacy, glory, and tragedy, EBC trekking fulfills your dreams to touch the feet of Mt. Everest, leaving you with unforgettable memories and experiences lasting a lifetime, and legendary stories worth passing onto generations.
Furthermore, if you have any questions or queries regarding this trek or any other trek in Nepal, then please feel free to contact us.