A Complete Guide to Everest Base Camp Trek
Trekking over the Everest Base Camp is the main goal for all those adventure trekkers. Everest’s Base camp is known as the world’s highest base camp, Mt. Everest (8848 meters). The Everest Base Camp trek is known as a breathtakingly steep elevation trek in the mountains of Nepal. Every year thousand plus trekkers travel to Everest base camp to feel and to pass through the beautiful part of the Khumbu region to see the eye-catching views of the Himalayas ranges and also to experience the culture and traditions of Sherpas.
With the starting point of the journey, we will get high chances to see the incredible scenery like beautiful dense forests, animals, snow-capped mountains, and a mysterious valley. In the trail, we can face different ecosystems and climatic situations. Trekking from the lush forest of rhododendron, pine, fir, juniper, etc. we can be in a treeless area with no human settlement.
Views of Himalayan mountains like Mt. Everest (8,848 m), Mt. Nuptse (7,855meters), Mt. Lhotse (8,516meters), Mt. Cho Oyu (8,201meters), Mt. Pumori (7,161meters), Mt. Makalu (8,481 m), Mt. Ama Dablam (6,812 meters), Island Peak (6,189 meters), Mt. Thamserku (6,623 meters), Mt. Kongde (6,187 meters), etc. decorate the whole trail.
Despite these all different experiences, there are a lot of things which you should take care of. And also be well prepared before moving towards the journey. Here is a complete guide to Everest Base Camp Trek that you should know before going on a trek, and ideas that will help you to get brilliant success in your trip.
Everest Base Camp Permits
Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Entrance Permit
This card is replaced with the TIMS card. The local government of Khumbu directly collects NPR 2000 per person from the Foreigner. Note that this card is not available in Kathmandu. If you are flying from the Lukla, then you can get this card in the Lukla.
Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit
This card is available in the Kathmandu at Nepal Tourism Board Office or in the Manjo at Park Entrance Gate. This permit costs only NPR 3000 per Foreigner.
The new system is implemented in the Everest Region. There is no more extended requirement of the Trekkers Information Management system (TIMS card).
Do you require a TIMS permit to Trek to EBC?
The central government of Nepal has set up the system of TIMS (Trekkers Information management systems) to collect the data of all trekkers in Nepal, and according to the Central Nepal government, the TIMS card is required before any individual can trek anywhere in Nepal.
To get the actual database of trekkers, Nepal wants you to get a TIMS permit. TIMS permit costs Nepalese Rupees 2000 and is only valid for a single entry into any national park. This permit is required and checked in the Annapurna and Langtang region, but not in the Everest region.
While we are hiking from the EBC, they did not ask for our TIMS at any checkpoint. It would be better to take a TIMS Card because of your and your trekking crew member’s safety. Peregrine Treks and Tours always use TIMS Card for the Everest Region Trekking.
If you hike from Jiri or Saleri to Lukla pass through areas controlled by different local governments and a TIMS is necessary.
Other documents for trekking permits
You should carry your passport details for Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality and Sagarmatha National Park Entrance Permit. You also need to bring passport size photos.
Guide – We will provide an experienced and well-trained trekking guide with you.
How to do Everest Base Camp Trek?
You will have three main options on how to trek in the Base camp. You can go for a trek with the contact of the agency, or also can travel independently with the help of the porters and guide.
- Going on a trek with the help of the agency is the best option. If you are alone and you are not so confident, it is the best option to take relief from the best agency.
- Visit the local agency of Kathmandu, and then they will provide you the porters and guides.
- You only need to book the flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. Neither every path is clear and easy for all trekkers. The area is low populated, so you can get many tea houses to stay, so you need not book any accommodations. This is a risky and ultimately costly option.
Fooding During EBC trek
The food will be costly because all requirements like gas rise, dal, etc. are carried by bus and yaks to mountains. You can also have the meat according to your wish. Also, you can see the Popular food names on the list you can have it. According to the incensement of elevation, there will even be an increment in the cost of both accommodations and food.
You can have a Set of Omelet with Toast and tea with milk. If you want to drink Good Espresso while hiking in the Everest Base Camp. Then you can carry Aeropress while hiking, which is light, comfortable, and great coffee. Also, you can have pancakes and Porridge, which is at the same cost as Toast and eggs. Some common breakfast items are Chapati, Tibetian bread, Toast with jam or jelly pancakes, Porridge with milk or tea, Boiled or fried egg.
If you have to trek along then order the spaghetti with cheese and tomato, which portion will be significant. After hiking, you will have a tasty and heavy dinner.
Lunch and Dinner
Most of the tea houses serve Thupka, Chowmein, Momos, a variety of Soups, pizza, Macaroni, Rice with special curry, Sandwiches, burgers with chips, Spaghetti, spring Roll and many more. Mainly in snacks, you will eat mostly snicker bars. Also, we can get cakes and pastries in some tea houses. To not get scurvy, we will pack two apples on the way. Dal Bhat And tarkari is the local staple and is usually unlimited; they will merely refill your rice and lentils each time you ask for it, which will be great for starving trekkers!
Exotic Dishes in Everest Base Camp Trek
You will get more and more items listed in the menus of teahouses; here are some of the items with which you may not be familiar.
Sherpa Stew (Syakpa): it is known as the traditional food of the Sherpa; this is a soup dish. Which is made from the homemade noodle, meat of yak, potatoes, radish, spinach, carrot, and other spices?
Tibetian Bread: Flatbread, which will fry in oil, tasty, and filling.
Springroll: It is a source of vitamin, big deep-fried pie.
Momos: Dumpling, with Vegetables, cheese, and potatoes, they will ask you for chili sauce and also green sauce, which is quite good!
Mars Roll: it is warped and deep-fried, as the spring roll with a mars bar inside.
Pizza: Bread with tomato sauce and yak cheese. It will be crispy.
Water during EBC trek
As you know, everything will be expensive as the increment of the elevation. We can get a water bottle in rupee 100 then at extreme altitude; its cost will be 400. There are lots of water sources along the way, but the water is not drinkable; with a life straw, we could just refill and drink on the road. They are not allowed to use water bottles, which will be just rubbish in the mountains. If you don’t like the water of the swimming pool, then you cause a SteriPen UV water sterilization device, which are the first chlorine pills. And if you are using the life straw bottles, be careful not to let the water freeze, which can damage the filter of the container.
Everest Base Camp trek Accommodation
In the route of the Everest Base camp, the accommodation in the tea house is not cheaper in comparison to other lodges. The lodge cost starts from USD 10 to USD 200. It depends on the trekker’s choice. We will provide a comfortable tea house during the trek.
Be kind: We understand that all travelers want to save their budget as much they can. So the leading solution to pay fewer prices in the accommodation in tea houses is to eat the three meals in the same tea house. Eating your food in other teahouses is not so good while you are in the tea house.
Accommodation in tea houses is so useful, which will make you feel relief. The walls are thin from where you can hear everything. The temperature is the same as the outside. The room is packed with the two beds, and there is the availability of enough blankets and pillows. We also carry the light +11C sleeping bags because anytime the weather can be so cold. There are no electricity sockets available in the bedroom. Devices will be in the dining room, which will take charge.
The tea house has a large dining hall where you can eat and relax with your company. In the center of the building is a fireplace that burns wood and yak dung. In the mostly two houses there are western toilets. You have to take your toilet paper.
Hot Shower and Electronic device charging
Shower on EBC trek: As the increment of the altitude, the cost of everything will also increase. From the Namche bazaar, we have to pay for the hot shower. The cost of the hot shower is about NPR 500. If we trek in the early season, the water will freeze in the pipes, so we have to take a bucket shower. Where the bucket is filled with some hot water. We can pack the wet wipes and do a dry bath. Also, we can use hand sanitizer for washing hands when there is no availability of water or soap.
Charging: There is light in the room, but there is no facility for sockets in many tea houses. So you have to pay for charging in the communal area. Usually, it takes NPR 200 per item per hour.
Everest Base Camp Itinerary
If you feel pressured while trekking with a group or you want to travel with somebody close to you, then there is the availability of many itineraries. We only suggest the route where there is more acclimatization. And also plan where we can walk without any problems or AMS symptoms.
Itinerary of 15 days Everest Base Camp Trek
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu
Day 02: Drive to Manthali Airport (Ramechhap); fly to Lukla and trek to Phakding
Day 03: Trek to Namche (3,438m/11,280 ft): 11km, 5 – 6 hours
Day 04: Acclimatization Day in Namche
Day 05: Trek to Tengboche (3,870m/12,694ft): 10km, 5- 6 hours
Day 06: On towards Dingboche (4,360 m/14,300 ft): 9km, 5 – 6 hours
Day 07: Acclimatization in Dingboche
Day 08: Trek to Lobuche
Day 09: Lobuche to Gorak Shep – Everest Base Camp (5170 m/16,961ft), visit Everest Base Camp (5364 m/17,594 ft): 13km, 6-7 hours
Day 10: Gorak Shep to Kala Patthar (5,545m/18,192ft) to Pherice (4,288m/14,070ft): 16km, 7-8 hours
Day 11: Periche to Namche Bazaar via Tengboche
Day 12: Namche to Lukla Trek (2,860m/9,186ft): 19km, 6 – 7 hours
Day 13: Flight from Lukla to Ramechhap and drive back to Kathmandu
Day 14: Experiencing Kathmandu
Day 15: Farewell
- EBC trek and Gokyo Lake trek- 18 Days
- Everest Base Camp with Island Peak Climbing- 18 days
- Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek- 21 days
- Everest Base Camp with Helicopter Return- 12 days
- Everest Three Pass trek- 19 days
Packing list for Everest Base Camp Trek
Packing your bags according to the requirement is the most important part of trekking. To be able to tackle the many obstacles in the journey, to be comfortable, always be ready; you must have the essential trekking items. If you follow the details as mentioned in this blog, you do not have any point of regret. Your wet bag consists of clothing items, trekking gears, personal supplies, generic medications, and a first aid kit. A more in-depth packing list for Everest Base Camp Trek is:
- Light thermal inner wears
- Fleece jacket or pullover
- Set of Undergarments
- Winter hat
- T-shirts (preferably sweat soaking)
- Wind-stopper jacket
- Waterproof jackets and trousers
- Trekking Shorts
- Sun hat or scarf
- Lightweight, long trousers/pants
- Lightweight thermal gloves
- Insulated jacket with attached hood
- Thin, lightweight (inner socks)
- Warm fleece hat or light balaclava
- Thick warm wool hiking socks
- Heavy down jacket
- Waterproof shell mittens/gloves (insulated liners recommended)
- Heavyweight pants (for high elevations)
- Camp sandals
- Sunglasses with UV protection
- Water bottles
- Sleeping bag (rated to 0 degrees recommended)
- Silk Liner
- Trekking Poles
- Trekking boots
- Sleeping pad/mat
- Multipurpose soap
- Face and body moisturizer
- Nail clippers
- Lip balm
- Medium-sized towel
- Face/body wipes
- Throat lozenges
- Hand sanitizer
- Bandage for sprains
- General painkiller
- Antibiotic tablets
- Blister medication
- Oral rehydration salts
- Diarrhea medication
- Iodine or water filter
- Antiseptic cream for cuts
- Antibacterial throat lozenges
- Diamox (for altitude sickness)
Plus you can take some personal belongings such as a camera, cards, books and anything which will make you entertained during some spare time. Keep in mind that it is the best idea to make your baggage low weight. So don’t carry the things which are unnecessary while trekking.
If you forgot to bring any essential element, then don’t be worried about it. You can either rent or buy it in Nepal at reasonable prices. There are many stories in the different locations of the major cities. You can easily find the things you want in stores at reasonable prices with good quality.
ATM and Money Exchanging Facility
There is the availability of ATM and money exchange and the banking system in Namche and Lukla. It is best to carry enough money before heading towards the Everest Base camp from Kathmandu because sometimes ATMs may not be working. And you may have a financial problem on the trek.
Hiking to EBC from Kathmandu
Lukla lies in the most adventurous Himalayan mountain with no roads leading all the way here; most trekkers fly from Kathmandu to Lukla to start their journey to EBC trek. The flight from Kathmandu to Lukla is known as one of the scariest trips in the world because, in the Lukla flight, helicopters land in the inclined land. The journey to Lukla is so expensive. If you want to save money; then you can use the landed vehicle, skipping.
While moving to the EBC through the Lukla flight, it is too expensive and frustrating also because there are the maximum chances of canceling the trip because of the fundamental issues. We have heard much news that people were spending about 20-30 days waiting for the Lukla flight. So we want to suggest you follow the land transport to Lukla. So walking out of Lukla is an off the beaten trail distance of your trek, it also takes that flight venture out of the comparison.
From Lukla, we will walk smaller from there. We will make an uncomfortable jeep from Salleri to Kathmandu. And while camping from the Salleri from Kathmandu. We can reserve the automobile from Kathmandu to Salleri. Salleri is only 265 km away from Kathmandu, and it only takes 8 hours. If you want to save your money, then you can go to Salleri through local buses that go to Salleri every day from Kathmandu.
There is also a different option you can take a bus to Jiri, which will take about 9 hours, but from here, the trekking route does not pass through Lukla to EBC, but it follows another trek like Salleri – Ringmo – Kharikhola – Puiyan – Phakding – Namche Bazaar. The excellent way to hike is by walking the Jiri to Namche Bazaar. EBC route on the way up and using the course to Salleri on the way down.
Learn more on “Everest Base Camp Trek Distance”
The EBC Trek is known as one of the adventure and challenging treks in comparison to another trek. Every trekker faces many obstacles in this trek. Among many obstacles, altitude sickness is also one of them. Altitude sickness is also one of the major problems of EBC trek. Altitude sickness is a sickness which can be affected when there is a lack of oxygen due to low air pressure at high altitude. It is one of the subjects which should be known by all trekkers. The risk of getting altitude sickness increases with the increase of altitude; it is mainly affected when you are at 2,400 meters above the sea level. The atmosphere around and above this altitude contains lesser and lesser oxygen as the altitude gradually increases. Thus, human bodies can find it hard to adapt to the changing levels of oxygen.
What is the reason behind altitude sickness?
Altitude sickness happens to a person who ascends altitude at a fast pace. This Everest Base Camp Trek takes you through verifying ups and down. If you can’t maintain a pace, which supports your body’s ability to acclimatize to the atmosphere, you can be a victim of altitude sickness.
The main reason for altitude sickness is the acclimatization. If you trek, hike, run day by day, then your body can suffer, and when you go to a higher altitude, you can easily be a victim of altitude sickness. Because of your weak strength, you can fly with this sickness, and may you suffer more. Some of the indications of altitude sickness are vomiting, headache, nausea, and high headedness. Additional symptoms include cough and gray, pale, or bluish skin tone. You can see symptoms of altitude only around 12-24 hours of altitude ascension. And the symptoms of altitude sickness vary according to altitude level. If you follow proper acclimatization, their symptoms can lessen within one or two days.
What is the solution to altitude sickness?
Altitude sickness is the sickness that cannot be used in the area. Once a person is affected by the altitude sickness, he/she must be taken to the lower altitude immediately for a positive result. The descent measures option to prevent altitude sickness.
If you can take proper acclimatization, then definitely you have not to face altitude sickness. The main thing is that you should keep the proper pace and pattern. It is more important to notice that you must not exert more pressure on your own body by overestimating your abilities.
You should be calm and hike carefully and slowly. Pushing can cause more pressure on your body as you ascend more altitude at less time and cause you to get sick. Take a short small real-time when you are hiking towards higher altitude, which can reduce the chance of getting sick.
Another good tip to avoid altitude sickness is to be hydrated throughout the trip. You should drink about five liters of water per day: do not dry out and fall weak. Keep a first aid kit with yourself and medication such as Diamox, which can help you speed up the process of acclimatization. But be sure you only take such medication with your doctor’s permission. And another main thing is ignoring the symptoms of if you are getting some disturbance in your health information the staff immediately.
Insurance for the Everest Base camp trek
We will try not to think about what can go wrong when attacking a new adventure. Traveling and hiking toward a remote area and higher altitudes, really have lots of risks. So the insurance is essential on any higher altitude trek. Altitude sickness is widespread, and since there are no roads in this mountain and facilities of any immediate hospital service. So we have to take injured trekkers to the hospital by evacuated helicopters, which is very expensive. Always read the paper properly and be sure you buy the correct and original policy. Be properly covered for evacuation, injury, trip days, and trip cancellation.
Guides and porters
It is not such a pleasant idea to hike independently in EBC trek because it is the most adventurous trek which has many risks. There is a risk of road, communication, accommodation, location, altitude sickness, and many more. So we want to recommend you to be connected with the local agency. If you go trekking with some good travel agency, then you have not to worry about the risk which I have mentioned above. The company can manage everything according to your necessities and demands.
We will recommend you to meet our guides before the trek. Then you can check if he speaks good enough English if you test him/her and if you get along. We have talented guides who have already climbed Mt. Everest, they are extremely knowledgeable.
- Be sure you are using a registered guide
- The guide should be insured
- Two people can share one porter as long as you don’t make him carry more than 20 kg.
- You can budget about $30 per day for a guide, which can be shared within the four trekkers and $ 20 per day for porters.
Tipping the porter and guide in EBC
Please keep in mind that useful tips for the guide and porter is highly expected. The guides will help you in every step of your trek, which will help you a lot. Also, they will give mental strength to complete this trek. And on the other hand, the porters were an older man who was too weak. Their way of life is only carrying goods of travelers. And you have to pay a tip to the guide and porters.
Hiking to EBC via Gokyo Lakes
Hiking to Everest Base camp from the Gokyo lakes is known as one of the fantastic side trips. There are six spectacular glacier lakes, located between 4,700 meters and 5000 meters, which are located in the beautiful Sagarmatha National park along with the Mount Everest. And three or four days to your itineraries challenges yourself by hiking. Here we can climb the hardened Gokyo Ri peak for spectacular panoramic views of famous mountains such as Tabouche, K43, Nuptse, Cholatse, and Everest. Also, the renowned glacier lakes which cross the beautiful and challenging Cho la pass. Go to EBC and Gokyo Lake with Intrepid travel.
How to explore to Everest Base Camp with Gokyo Lakes
If you want to hike to Everest base camp from Gokyo Lake, then there are three choices for a route.
- Hike to Gorak Shep primary and go to the Gokyo lakes on the way back. Hike to Gokyo lakes primary and later on to Gorak Shep and EBC.
- Hike up and down to Gokyo Ri, supported by trekking to Everest Base Camp, in which case you will not trek over Chola pass.
Trek to EBC initial followed by Gokyo lakes
When we were returning from Gorakshep, we will go to Dzongla after passing through Lobuche rather than walking to Namche bazaar through Pheriche. We will go over the Cho La pass and complete the circular route to Namche Bazaar by trekking via Machherma and Dole.
Trek to Gokyo first followed by EBC
First, we will hike to Namche Bazaar, instead of going to Tengboche then head west via Dhole and Macherma toward Gokyo lakes. Though the route is circular, joining the main trek up to Gorakshep, you have not gone up and down in the same way.
Climb Island Peak also trek to Everest Base Camp
If you want to add a couple of days to your EBC trek itinerary, then you can do some real mountaineering and climb a peak in the Himalayas above 60000m. The mountain which most often climbed in Nepal is Island peak (6,189m/20,305ft) known in Nepal as Imja Tse.it is a real climb, adventure, serious mountaineering; it is not meaning of trekking, technical skills and equipment are required to climb this peak. The peak is considered as the perfect choice for a novice climber because it is not very professional, but it requires some mountaineering skills since it is considered climbing on ice, and snow is involved.
Island peak is usually ascended as part of an Everest Base Camp trek expedition as a three-day extension. Before we summit, the climbing crew will teach us the mountaineering skills required to climb Island peak. We should receive ladder training and practice of seiling and jumbling. We should be physically fit and master these skills during training before the final ascend. Be confident and prepare your sharp mind. Don’t take this climb as the lights, it is a dangerous climb. And mastering a 6000m peak in the Himalayas is a great achievement; pick a company with a good reputation for this excursion. Before you join this trip, you should be healthy. Climbing Island peak is not a cheap tour; you should expect to pay between $3000 to $5000 for 19 to 23 days tour, including trekking to Everest Base camp Trek training and attempting to climb to Island peak.
Everest base camp trek difficulty
The total distance of the EBC trek is 130 km.
Talking about the Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty, we will walk more and less than 15 km per day for about two weeks. The whole trek is full of ups and downs, and the roads are not a flat walking surface. This EBC trek doesn’t require super fitness. The altitude sickness is quite a severe difficulty in this trek. As our journey starts at 3000m and climbs 2400m further to reach base camp at 5365m.
Mainly your problem of the EBC trek is influenced by a porter can make it much more comfortable here, and season, if you are cold and miserable it is harder. We will walk for 4 or 6 hours per day for 12 days; we also have acclimatization day. If you are honestly fit, then you can do this carrying your backpacks. And having porters makes it even easier.
Best time for Everest Base Camp Trek
There are mostly two different seasons for trekking to EBC. The best time for Everest Base Camp trek is in the pre-monsoon season through March, April, and May, and in the post-monsoon season from late September, October, November.
Post Monsoon: Best Time for EBC Trek
Post-monsoon is one of the best seasons. Post monsoon starts from late September to November. It is the month with less haze and clouds. In this period, it will provide better views of these spectacular mountains. As this period is colder but it is a great time to hike to Gokyo lakes. A post-monsoon season for trekking, but October is one of the busy months which will disturb us while trekking, fooding, and also in tea houses.
In December- February is still possible but very cold up to 30 centigrade at night. There will be falls of snow on the trail. There will be fewer crowds, but there will be proper equipment.
Pre-monsoon: Best Time
This month will be hard and mostly stable, which will be great for trekking. Most of the trekkers choose the month of Feb-may for the proper trek.
There will be an attractive landscaped in the march, which will prefer the spectacular snow-covered mountains. This season is also one of the cold months. In February there is not a lot of snowfall in Chola pass at 5420m on the way to Gokyo RI, which will make us enable its hour over the Gokyo lakes. If you want to enjoy the Everest Base Camp Trek, then you can come here every month you wish to.
Everest Base Camp trek is a trek of a lifetime. However, you have to consider many factors before you can start your trek there. If you are well prepared, it will be the most amazing trekking experience of your life.
We hope this complete guide to Everest Base Camp Trek helps you plan your trip well. Furthermore, if you have any questions or queries regarding this trek or any other trek in Nepal then feel free to contact us. We will be more than happy to help you organize this trek for you.